Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs frequently during the growth period slightly before puberty. While scoliosis can prove to be brought about by conditions such cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the trigger of most scoliosis cases is unidentified.
Most cases of scoliosis tend to be mild, but some children develop spine deformities that manage to get a bit more severe as they grow. Severe scoliosis can become disabling. An severe spinal curve can reduce the amount amount of space within the chest, making difficult conditions for the lungs to function well.
Young children who have minor scoliosis tend to be monitored closely, usually with X-rays, to see if the curve is getting worse. In numerous instances, no treatment is required. Some children will need to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Others may need an operation to keep the scoliosis from worsening and to straighten severe instances of scoliosis.